June 20, 2009
Ubuntu 9.04 :: Tips and Tricks for the new user
Personally being a long fan of Linux, its no surprise that when the newest version of Ubuntu was released I had to see what all the fuss was about. Ubuntu is a robust, powerful and user friendly operating system. It’s loaded with applets, features, awesome themes and run Wizards to all help users enjoy their Linux experience.
But, if you’re making the jump from Windows (especially XP/Vista) then there are going to be a couple of things you should do to make your new Ubuntu experience more user friendly!
Since Ubuntu is open-source there are some licensing legalities that limit out of the box support for the standard audio/video codecs and some other commercial applications.
Like windows not all the applications you want come on one CD, (maybe a DVD but 4.5Gb .iso can be large to distribute for free download); unlike Windows, open source concept is all about freedom of code, you can easily preform some commands to get your Ubuntu all the packages to shine like never before!
**NOTE, you will be running some commands using sudo access. Learn about sudo command and how it will help make your life so, so much easier. END NOTE**
1- More Fonts
Here are a bunch of extra fonts you can install on your computer, but they aren’t required.
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/X11/fonts/Type1 && sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts && sudo apt-get install ttf-larabie-straight ttf-larabie-deco mplayer-fonts xfonts-terminus-dos xfonts-terminus xfonts-terminus-oblique xfonts-mona tv-fonts ttf-tuffy ttf-sjfonts ttf-sil-padauk ttf-sil-ezra ttf-paktype ttf-georgewilliams ttf-fifthhorseman-dkg-handwriting ttf-farsiweb ttf-essays1743 ttf-nafees ttf-mgopen ttf-gentium ttf-freefont ttf-dustin ttf-devanagari-fonts ttf-dejavu-extra ttf-dejavu-core ttf-dejavu ttf-bpg-georgian-fonts ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-alee
That should get you started!
2 – Anti-Virus
Better safe than sorry, even though Linux is much more stable and virus free than Windows, there is ALWAYS a chance. For Linux, there is Avast! Sort of like your friendly free open source version of F-Prot/Trend Micro.
wget && sudo dpkg -i avast4workstation_1.3.0-2_i386.deb
You should now be able to access it through Accessories -> Avast! Antivirus.
3 – Java Runtime Environment
Java is now becoming quite popular among programmers to utilize for very clever applications. It’s also needed for awesome programs like Vuse to run.
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs ttf-sazanami-gothic ttf-sazanami-mincho
4 – Tools for compiling from source
Want to build some code and compile it into a program? You can use some of this, and you’ll also need some of the dependances, something good to have, even if you don’t directly need it.
sudo apt-get install build-essential checkinstall cdbs devscripts dh-make fakeroot libxml-parser-perl check avahi-daemon
5 – Multimedia
This is always important, but to have Ubuntu playing all kinds of stuff, you need to install many codecs, but there are two players that are quite awesome, VLC and mplayer.
sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer
* Common Codecs Packs
sudo apt-get install mpeg2dec a52dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg cdda2wav toolame libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla libmjpegtools0c2a tagtool easytag id3tool lame mozilla-helix-player helix-player libmad0 libjpeg-progs libmpcdec3 libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox toolame a52dec ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux
* Gstreammer 0.10
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse totem-gstreamer
* More Programs
sudo apt-get install gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools
* Enable DVD Support
sudo aptitude install libdvdcss2 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread3/./install-css.sh
* Flash Support
sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree
6 – Wine
Need windows applications, or just don’t want to use the Linux equivalent? Then go back to windows.
Wine, is a compatibility layer for letting windows applications run in Linux. This is not a windows EMULATOR.
sudo apt-get install wine
Then just double click the .exe file like you would normally and Wine should take over.
Not all windows applications can run on Wine, this database gives you a large list.
7 – Gaming on linux
Use PlayonLinux to play all your favourite windows games!
sudo wget http://deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_jaunty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install playonlinux
8 – Google Desktop
Google Desktop allows one to full text search of a user’s e-mail, computer files, music, photos, chat, and Web pages viewed,OpenOffice documents , PDF files and more .
To install type the following into terminal first:
wget && sudo bash google-repo-setup.sh && sudo apt-get update
Now, after completing that, type:
sudo apt-get install google-desktop-linux
You can now access it through Applications – > Google Desktop.
There you go! Those are just to get you started! More to come soon!